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HOW TO USE DECALS

1.  Complete your fused piece including fire polishing the edges if necessary.

2. Clean the glass surface where the decal will go and dry it.

3. Remove any wax paper barrier, if any, from the decal surface.

4. If desired, trim the decal to a specific shape using xacto knife or scissors.

5. Soak the decal in a shallow pan of warm water until it easily slides on the paper.

      NOTE: Keep the decal on the paper.  It is easier to apply decal directly from the paper to the glass piece. 

Leaving them in water too long will result in them floating off the base paper making them more difficult to apply.  

6. Slide the decal off the paper onto the jewelry.  Quickly get it into position.   Use a paper towel to blot excess water.

7. Gently smooth out any wrinkles or air bubbles.   If air bubbles are not gently rubbed out, a tiny hole will pop through the decal when fired.

8. Change water frequently after soaking several decals to remove impurities.

7. IMPORTANT:  

       A.  ALL MOISTURE MUST BE REMOVED PRIOR TO FIRING. OVERNIGHT DRYING IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED!

       B. DO NOT CAP THE DECALS WITH A TOP LAYER OF GLASS.  DECAL FIRING IS THE LAST STEP IN EMBELLISHING YOUR PIECE.  

 

FIRING  INSTRUCTIONS

Preheating is particularly important in decal work. Materials from the medium on the decal must be burned off gently.  Good ventilation allow for a clean final product. Leave the kiln lid open 1-2 inches, plus any peepholes.  Preheat slowly to 1000 degrees to prevent pinholes or blisters and then procede with normal ramping.  Heat-soak the decals at top temperature for approximately 8-10 minutes.

THE FIRING SCHEDULES PROVIDED ARE FOR A REFERENCE POINT ONLY!  GET TO KNOW YOUR KILN AND TAKE NOTES!

 

Low-fire schedule

250 degrees per hour (DPH)  to 350.  Hold 20 minutes.

500 DPH to 1000.  HOLD 10 minutes

As fast as possible to 1034-1074.  Soak 8-10 minutes

 

High-fire schedule

250 degrees per hour (DPH) to 350.  Hold 10 minutes.

500 DPH to 1000.  HOLD 10 minutes

As fast as possible to 1280-1320.  Soak 8-10 minutes

 

OTHER TECHNIQUES

 

MIRROR IMAGE EFFECT

Mirror Image

Cindy from Designs With Attitude came up with this innovative use of decals.  Most designs are in white and black.  You can do endless possibilities with this technique.

OVERLAPPING DECALS

Overlapping decals

 You can overlap decals to create some very interesting effects.  One idea is to overlap trees and forest scenes over suns and moons to create the most realistic scenes. THIS REQUIRES SEPARATE FIRINGS! Apply your sun/moon, then fire and add your trees over the suns/moons. If you try it with one firing, you may get blistering of the decals.

 

BLACKER, THICKER DECALS 

Thicker blacker decals

To make your details "blacker", consider three factors:

1. Soak your decals in cold water.

2. Drop your temperature 10 degrees

3. Drop you hold time from 10 to 8 minutes.

 

Finally, TAKE NOTES.

You can always refire these decals and not lose any detail.  So it is best to underfire and start low.

 

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTONS

 

What COE of glass can your decals be used on?

Decals can be used on 90, 96 and 104 COE glass. Basically, if the glass can withstand the temperatures necessary to fuse the decals, decals will come out crisp and clear no matter what type of glass you use.

 

Which decals do I use? LOW or HIGH fire?

 

You can use BOTH! The difference between low and high fire decals is just the tempature they are "cooked" to allow the substrate to burn away and make the decal permanent. Generally, the white and gold decals are high fire as they require are higher temp to cure. Which ever you use, the firing schedules are below full fuse temps, which means you can use any ones you choose!

 

 

Do I fire the decals between to layers? Can I put a clear Cap over the decals?

NO! The decals will be your LAST firing and go on your FINISHED, fire polished or cold worked piece.

Do not clear cap.

 

The decals rubbed off, what happened?

 

If your decals rub off or blow away like powder after firing, they have not been fired long enough!

Check to see if you are firing high fire decals at low temp and that you are holding for 8-10 min.?

 

 

Why did the decals blister or crack?

You over-fired or held your hold time too long.

 

Why are there "pinholes" in my decals after firing?

You didn't get all the air bubbles out of the decals before firing! Take a paper towel and make sure to squeeze any excess water off the decal when applying. Let dry for 24 hours before firing - very important!

 

 BE PATIENT- GET USED TO THE PROCESSTHE RESULTS WILL BE WORTH THE EFFORT